La Cotte de St. Brelade

La Cotte de St. Brelade is a deeply stratified series of archaeological deposits located to the south of Jersey in a t-shaped ravine system. The stone tool technology is predominantly Neanderthal and the deposits date from 238-40,000 years, with an earlier interglacial complex attributed to Marine Isotope Stage 7. La Cotte is particularly important as it contains the only Neanderthal human remains found across the Gulf of St. Malo and has yielded over 90,000 stone tools and substantial mega-faunal remains.

View looking up into the ravine system of La Cotte

View looking up into the ravine system of La Cotte

Our work is focused on understanding the deposits that remain at the site but also rendering the excavated material accessible for study and dissemination as part of the McBurney Archive Reorganisation project. Fieldwork by the LaMP team at La Cotte de St. Brelade began in 2011 with a field survey of the west ravine resulting in new OSL dates (see Bates et al. 2013). Due to coastal erosion and storm damage in 2013-2014 a 3D laser scan of La Cotte was created by University College London (see below) and photogrammetry was carried out to record the site.

References:

Bates, M., Pope, M., Shaw, A., Scott, B., Schwenniger, J. 2013. Late Neanderthal occupation in North‐West Europe: rediscovery, investigation and dating of a last glacial sediment sequence at the site of La Cotte de Saint Brelade, Jersey. Journal of Quaternary Science. 28, 647-652

Callow & Cornford. La Cotte de St. Brelade 1961-1978: Excavations by C. B. M. McBurney. Norwich; Cambridge: Geobooks, 2013-213

Scott, B., Bates, M., Conneller, C., Pope, M., Shaw, A., Smith, G. 2014. A new view from La Cotte de St. Brelade, Jersey. Antiquity. 88, 13-29

 

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